Over the last 8 years, the development of nuclear energy in Taiwan has shifted from a secret weapons program to civilian applications, from an expansion of nuclear power towards a nuclear-free future. With nuclear energy has long been a contentious issue for Taiwan, the research presented analyzes the trends of the public support for developing nuclear energy in the context of import of energy, vulnerability to extreme climate conditions and the political implications. The research further explores the comparative factors shaping people’s attitudes in Taiwan over time and suggest future directions in implementing effective risk communication strategies, involving both technical and social concerns. Keeping the goal of being a renewable energy state by 2025, the climatic disasters have raised awareness of nuclear safety among the Taiwanese public. The data collection process involves Computer-assisted telephone surveys, Questionnaire researching public perceptions, attitudes and behaviors towards Environment, energy use, and climate change. Further, the methodology employs a Stratified random sampling and random-digit-dialing (RDD) calculating the margin of sampling error to be a plus or minus 2.89%.